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These comments illustrate the breadth of the topics covered in the Actor Atlas. Each comment is given at the fitting page. Though most pages have no comments yet, many have content already.


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If bloggers want to move beyond celebs, seo, and mainstream techs and stuff, they may consider an economic activity in their country, and use a suitable hashtag when sharing their blog article (with other smart readers and bloggers).

In initiative books, over 100K tags are defined per country and sector. Tag names are based on international standards.

Diversity in content produced by bloggers will be much appreciated by readers, wouldn't it?

See the event page (March 6, 2014) at World Bank Institute web site.

Cooperative enterprises, as membership based, autonomous, independent democratic, collective institutional arrangements have enhanced inclusive development especially for those living in remote areas and in vulnerable communities. There is ample evidence from Africa to the Americas as to their effectiveness in improving access of small producers to markets, delivering a range of much needed services (financial, housing, social services). The key drivers of their success has been their needs based nature - joint solutions to common problems for a group of people that create economies of scale and allow for negotiation through collective voice. Specific measures needed include: enabling legal and policy environment, integration of cooperatives in public and private procurement of services and the recognition of the cooperative business model in achieving development goals. However, the MDGs have largely ignored cooperatives missing the opportunity for broadening and deepening their political, social and economic participation through their members, often those living in poverty and experiencing other forms of exclusion. So far in the discussions around the post 2015 sustainable development discussions, cooperatives are once again absent in terms of acknowledging their contributions, including them in the targets, indicators and bringing on the cooperative movement representatives in to the decision making process. The ILO's Recommendation 193 (2002) on the Promotion of Cooperatives provides the international standard on the effective integration of cooperatives into sustainable development policy making. Cooperatives are a business model whose time has come. We need to integrate these collective democratic enterprises into our policy and programmatic interventions for ensuring better results. Simel Esim, www.ilo.org/coop

Source: this post (March 2, 2014) in the global Discussion "2014 AMR Part II (17 February - 2 March): Sustaining development gains through inclusive development."

There is a post including a link to this page on Common Principles in the G+ Community MDG Post-2015.

MDG Post-2015 by janbmgojanbmgo, 05 Oct 2013 10:04

Common Principles, another page of the Actor Atlas, lists these common principles and checks how they have been explained in various ''initiatives'' of the global community:

A paper by Tanja Aitamurto (Tampere) and Hélène Landemore (Stanford) on an interesting crowdsourcing exercise in Finland: Crowdsourcing Off-Road Traffic Legislation in Finland.

Abstract: This paper reports on a pioneering case study of a legislative process open to the direct online participation of the public. The empirical context of the study is a crowdsourced off-road traffic law in Finland. On the basis of our analysis of the user content generated to date and a series of interviews with key participants, we argue that the process qualifies as a promising case of deliberation on a mass-scale. This case study will make an important contribution to the understanding of online methods for participatory and deliberative democracy. The preliminary findings indicate that there is deliberation in the crowdsourcing process, which occurs organically (to a certain degree) among the participants, despite the lack of incentives for it. Second, the findings strongly indicate that there is a strong educative element in crowdsourced lawmaking process, as the participants share information and learn from each other. The peer-learning aspect could be made even stronger through the addition of design elements in the process and on the crowdsourcing software.

There is a question in the Google+ community on MDG Post-2015.

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. A wide variety of MEAs and international fora call for the Principle's prescriptions but there lacks a standardised system or approach to ensure adequate consultation, notification and 'prior and informed consent'. As such, the Principle is open to wide interpretation and post-event arbitration has been required, which lacks a common approach itself - no real progress can be said to have been made. (RED)
  2. Nearly twenty years after this principle was agreed, there are still cases being brought in the ICJ (such as the Pulp Mills case, referred to in the study) where a state has not consulted with another or sought prior consent before embarking on a project that will have potential transboundary affects. Challenges to implementation of this principle will continue as transboundary impacts felt as a result of climate change - one of the most significant transboundary environmental issues of our time. In respect of this, it is clear that States are not consulting one another or receiving prior consent before propagating activities that potentially will cause significant harm to others. (RED)

UNECE (UN Economic Commission for Europe) lists the Aarhus Convention implementation reports of the European countries at http://www.unece.org/env/pp/reports_implementation_2011.html

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. The implementation of this principle has been very successful in some regions, and looks set to secure successful implementation in others. The Aarhus Convention has paved the way for nation states to adopt the principle in practice, however there are states that continue to be non-compliant with it. The proposal for a Convention on principle 10 will strengthen the implementation and application of this principle. (GREEN)
  2. Civil society's crucial role in shaping sustainable development has been formally recognised by nation states and international agencies alike. Yet in many societies, increased access and consultation has not necessarily translated directly into greater influence. The Aarhus Convention has been a major step forward in institutionalising popular participation, access to information, and justice in environmental matters. In practice, however, even in countries which have ratified the Convention, many populations continue to face significant barriers to accessing relevant information and influencing decision making processes and are therefore unable to hold governments to account over unsustainable policies and actions. (ORANGE)

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. With a range of environmental protection agencies being established in the world, and a focus on their broad remit (protection) the principle has seen some success in filtering down to the national and local level. Linked to EIAs the development process has mechanisms by which environmental protection is integrated into the planning and development process, however these are often seen as tick box exercises and not really offering full analyses of the issues. In addition, development in those countries that are aspiring to alternative standards of living, to match the development trajectory of the Northern countries, has priorities in poverty reduction, which can be in conflict with developing in a sustainable way.
  1. Environmental protection has yet to be mainstreamed in the majority of development-oriented decision making processes despite numerous declarations, institutions and initiatives being created to increase their coordination. Studies such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment have clearly displayed the long term value of sustainably using naturalresources, yet governments and businesses of all sizes in both the North and South continue to externalise environmental costs and exploit natural resources for short term economic gain. Even when laws protecting the environment have been ratified at the international and national levels, in many cases their impact is being undermined by poor governance and weak institutions unable to enforce them. The green economy has emerged as possible vehicle for pulling together human and natural interests, however is currently still largely at the conceptual stage with most economies remaining distinctly brown.

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. Examples of institutionalising the rights of future generations are peppered throughout the two decades after UNCED; however all but one have been disbanded. There is increasing respect for adopting an intergenerational approach and there are promising proposals for Rio+20 that will go a long way to further entrenching principle 3. (ORANGE)
  2. There are several examples of the rights of future generations being integrated into national and international legal frameworks, however the majority of these are aspirational principles rather than concrete obligations. In spite of this, the increasing integration of an intergenerational approach in government and non-governmental actions is promising. Significant challenges still exist that will need to be overcome to fully embed long-term thinking into decision-making processes. (ORANGE)

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. This principle, if implemented without adhering to the foundations of sustainable development can only but contradict the essential approach to achieving SD. Unchecked exploitation of natural resources results in significant negative impacts on not only that country, but the wider world and can undermine efforts of the international community to make development sustainable. Efforts have been made to incentivise the non-exploitation of natural resources through paying compensation, such as the REDD mechanism; however this is just one small element of the serious situation that the world faces in terms of irresponsible resource depletion. (RED)
  2. Certain initiatives have sought to limit transboundary environmental damage, with it becoming a requirement for states to carry out environmental impact assessments prior to resource extraction projects. However, it is increasingly difficult to accept that a state’s sovereign right to exploit its resources is compatible with long-term sustainability objectives, particularly in the context of climate change. It is clear that success in protecting national interests has comprehensively outweighed the impact of mechanisms designed to coordinate the international response to sustainability challenges. (RED)

In the Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Principles (January 2012) there are these assessments of the progress and gaps regarding the implementation of this principle:

  1. This human-centric approach has defined the environmental and sustainable development policy landscape for the decades since UNCED; however it is challenged by many quarters that advocate for an earth centred or earth jurisprudential approaches to development. The inherent contradiction in this principle results in its efficacy being undermined, even though the element of living in harmony with nature appears to have been widely adopted by civil society organisations and non-governmental and governmental actors alike. (ORANGE)
  2. The right to a healthy and productive life continues to elude over a billion people living in poverty. For a similarly large number living above the poverty line, patterns of consumption and the impacts of the industries in which they work can only be considered to be in disharmony with nature. Various institutions and initiatives have been created in attempts to limit humankind's negative impacts on nature, however these continue to be undermined by actions based upon anthropocentric logic, emphasizing the seemingly contradictory nature of the principle. (ORANGE)
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