The Paris agreement on Climate Change (English version) was agreed by 195 nations on December 12, 2015 in Paris, France. Its aim is to combat climate change and unleash actions and investment towards a low carbon, resilient and sustainable future.
- #pacc00 - Preamble
- #pacc01 - Definitions
- #pacc02 - Purpose
- #pacc03 - Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)
- #pacc04 - Mitigation
- #pacc05 - Sinks, Reservoirs, REDD+
- #pacc06 - Mechanism to support sustainable development and environmental integrity
- #pacc07 - Adaptation
- #pacc08 - Loss and damage
- #pacc09 - Finance
- #pacc10 - Technology development and transfer
- #pacc11 - Capacity building
- #pacc12 - Climate change education, awareness, public participation
- #pacc13 - Transparency
- #pacc14 - Global stocktake
- #pacc15 - Facilitating implementation and compliance
- #pacc16 - Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA)
- #pacc17 - Secretariat
- #pacc18 - Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA); Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)
- #pacc19 - Bodies and institutional arrangements to serve agreement
- #pacc20 - Signature and instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession
- #pacc21 - Entry into force
- #pacc22 - Amendments
- #pacc23 - Annexes
- #pacc24 - Settlement of disputes
- #pacc25 - Voting
- #pacc26 - Depositary
- #pacc27 - Reservations
- #pacc28 - Withdrawal
- #pacc29 - Languages
The agreement's main aim is to keep a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and to drive efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
Values & Claims
The Paris Agreement and the outcomes of the UN climate conference (COP21) cover all the crucial areas identified as essential for a landmark conclusion:
- Mitigation – reducing emissions fast enough to achieve the temperature goal
- A transparency system and global stock-take – accounting for climate action
- Adaptation – strengthening ability of countries to deal with climate impacts
- Loss and damage – strengthening ability to recover from climate impacts
- Support – including finance, for nations to build clean, resilient futures
As well as setting a long-term direction, countries will peak their emissions as soon as possible and continue to submit national climate action plans (Nationally Determined Contributions) that detail their efforts (as defined in articles 4, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 13) to address climate change.
See the articles #pacc04 - Mitigation to #pacc15 - Facilitating implementation and compliance for the interactions that the agreement defines for its parties, and for the bodies that are established in the agreement.
Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement by the COP (Conference of the Parties), it will be deposited at the UN in New York and be opened for one year for signature on 22 April 2016—Mother Earth Day.
As stated in #pacc21 - Entry into force, the agreement will enter into force after 55 countries that account for at least 55% of global emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification.
Compliance and Service Levels
For the parties to the agreement, and for the bodies established, how is their compliance or service expressed and ensured?
Which courts must judge about conflicts arising in the context of the agreement?
See article #pacc24 - Settlement of disputes.
What are the current issues?
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