Joining the #sdgGH Partnership ?

Consider Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi9 - Be collaborative. By suitably #tagging genuine content, stakeholders and donors can contribute it to an open domestic and global conversation on governance, knowledge sharing and innovation for sustainable development, the economic activities and functions of government in Ghana, its cities and municipalities. By providing low-hurdle access to open data that matters to a particular context or trade, stakeholders are empowered to add data-driven elements to the discourse.

In a #tag2wiki step, the #tagged discourse can be curated, analysed, and shared and conflicting viewpoints can be covered in wiki sector maps and maps of the functions of government, as part of Ghana's planning for inclusive and sustainable development1.

This reference page for Ghana is not intended for being read in a linear way. Rather, it must be used as a "4 dimensional topic map" for a knowledge and data driven development discourse in Ghana. The reader with an interest in a particular topic can quickly find open data and other content on that "topic in its context and dimension". Before contributing new content, we recommend the reader to minimally check the content that is (referenced) on this page, and to keep in mind Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi7 - Reuse and improve. For what concerns the reuse, improving or addition of new content, we recommend the use of the suitable hashtag with awareness of its dimension (lgu, sdg, isic or cofog).

#GHlgu tags for administrative units, with curated open data2

Learn about Ghana's administrative units, the //region/, via the Government of Ghana, the Ghana Statistical Service website, and Ghana's Geohive page.

city (capital of region) #GHlgu Development data ( Knoema )
Accra (Greater Accra) #GH01 Data atlas
Kumasi (Ashanti) #GH02 Data atlas
Sunyani (Brong-Ahafo) #GH03 Data atlas
Cape Coast (Central) #GH04 Data atlas
Koforidua (Eastern) #GH05 Data atlas
Tamale (Northern) #GH06 Data atlas
Ho (Volta) #GH08 Data atlas
Sekondi / Takoradi** (Western) #GH09 Data atlas
Bolgatanga (Upper East) #GH10 Data atlas
Wa (Upper West) #GH11 Data atlas
national #tags this page
#GHlgu tags: combine the ISO country code GH with the numerical part of the ADM1 Code for the region
construct more tags with the extended divisioning geocodes (Geohive)

Note: As there is no domestically defined geocode for each province, we use the numerical part of the ADM1 code3. Obtain that code from the ADM1 Code Search module by entering Ghana's GEC country code: GH4.

#2030Agenda partnership #Ghana - #tag share - #GHlgu 4local #sdgGH 4goals #isicGH 4economy #cofogGH 4gov

#sdgGH tags for sustainable development goals

Sustainable Development Global Goals (SDGs)5 in Ghana - use #sdgGH on Twitter or G+.

Sustainable development goal (with #SDGs hashtag) #sdgGH hashtag
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere #sdg01GH
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture #sdg02GH
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages #sdg03GH
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all #sdg04GH
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls #sdg05GH
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all #sdg06GH
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all #sdg07GH
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all #sdg08GH
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation #sdg09GH
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries #sdg10GH
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable #sdg11GH
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns #sdg12GH
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts #sdg13GH
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development #sdg14GH
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss #sdg15GH
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels #sdg16GH
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development #sdg17GH

Each goal has targets listed on the linked page.

For these targets there are #SDT tags. If you consider a target of particular interest for your country, then create your country's #sdt tags using a simple trick.

An example: for the global sustainable development target with tag #SDT011, construct the #tag for GH as follows: #sdt011GH.

#isicGH tags for economic activities

Sector in Ghana #isicGH #tag
A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing #GH88A
B - Mining and quarrying #GH88B
C - Manufacturing #GH88C
D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply #GH88D
E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities #GH88E
F - Construction #GH88F
G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles #GH88G
H - Transportation and storage #GH88H
I - Accommodation and food service activities #GH88I
J - Information and communication #GH88J
K - Financial and insurance activities #GH88K
L - Real estate activities #GH88L
M - Professional, scientific and technical activities #GH88M
N - Administrative and support service activities #GH88N
O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security #GH88O
P - Education #GH88P
Q - Human health and social work activities #GH88Q
R - Arts, entertainment and recreation #GH88R
S - Other service activities #GH88S
T - Activities of households #GH88T
U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies #GH88U

#cofogGH tags for functions of government

+ Government and the People

Check out Ghana's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014 to understand the country's challenges in below areas.


09 - Education - #GH09fg

Functions of government #cofogGH tag
Pre-primary education (IS) #cofog0911GH
Primary education (IS) #cofog0912GH
Lower-secondary education (IS) #cofog0921GH
Upper-secondary education (IS) #cofog0922GH
Post-secondary non-tertiary education (IS) #cofog0930GH
First stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0941GH
Second stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0942GH
Education not definable by level (IS) #cofog0950GH
Subsidiary services to education (IS) #cofog0960GH
R&D Education (CS) #cofog0970GH
Education n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0980GH
Initiatives COFOG 09.7: Education For All - Global Monitoring Report: Education Inequalities Indicators
TESSA: education resources
Fast Track Initiative Education For All country page
COPNI 04.7: Adangme Online Encyclopedia, Ga Online Encyclopedia, Mossi/Moore Online Encyclopedia, Nzima Online Encyclopedia, Soninke Online Encyclopedia
COFOG 09.8: Information and Communication Management Strategy Development Assessment of Agricultural Information Needs (2007)



09 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 09 - Education
The related category of industry (ISIC) is P - Education
International World Bank Education Strategy 2020
09.1 - Pre-primary and primary education (also COPNI 04.1): Education For All, Primary Education, Early childhood education at Development Strategies that work
09.2 - Secundary education(also COPNI 04.2): Secundary Education at Development Strategies that work
09.3 - Post-secundary non-tertiary education (also COPNI 04.3):
09.4 - Tertiary education(also COPNI 04.4):
09.5 - Education not-definable by level (also COPNI 04.5): Special education for persons with intellectual or psycho-social disabilities at Development Strategies that work
09.6 - Subsidiary services to education: Access to Schools, Preventive health care and improved nutrition for children at Development Strategies that work
09.7 - R&D Education(also COPNI 04.6):
09.8 - Education n.e.c.: World Bank Education Strategy 2020
COPNI 04.7 - Other educational services:

+ Government and the Economy, Environment and Community


04 - Economic Affairs - #GH04fg

Functions of government #cofogGH tag
General economic and commercial affairs (CS) #cofog0411GH
General labour affairs (CS) #cofog0412GH
Agriculture (CS) #cofog0421GH
Forestry (CS) #cofog0422GH
Fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0423GH
Coal and other solid mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0431GH
Petroleum and natural gas (CS) #cofog0432GH
Nuclear fuel (CS) #cofog0433GH
Other fuels (CS) #cofog0434GH
Electricity (CS) #cofog0435GH
Non-electric energy (CS) #cofog0436GH
Mining of mineral resources other than mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0441GH
Manufacturing (CS) #cofog0442GH
Construction (CS) #cofog0443GH
Road transport (CS) #cofog0451GH
Water transport (CS) #cofog0452GH
Railway transport (CS) #cofog0453GH
Air transport (CS) #cofog0454GH
Pipeline and other transport (CS) #cofog0455GH
Communication (CS) #cofog0460GH
Distributive trades, storage and warehousing (CS) #cofog0471GH
Hotels and restaurants (CS) #cofog0472GH
Tourism (CS) #cofog0473GH
Multi-purpose development projects (CS) #cofog0474GH
R&D General economic, commercial and labour affairs (CS) #cofog0481GH
R&D Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0482GH
R&D Fuel and energy (CS) #cofog0483GH
R&D Mining, manufacturing and construction (CS) #cofog0484GH
R&D Transport (CS) #cofog0485GH
R&D Communication (CS) #cofog0486GH
R&D Other industries (CS) #cofog0487GH
Economic affairs n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0490GH
Initiatives ISIC K: Kiva Fellows Blog on Ghana (not for all countries)
COFOG 04.2: Country profile at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
Plantwise Knowledge Bank country page (set country on first visit) including pest diagnostic tool and treatment support.
Green Economy Initiative (UNEP): Ghana's Pathway page
COFOG 04.1: Country Private Sector Development Group at Donor Committee for Enterprise Development
COFOG 04.1.1: Feed The Future (US):Context & Strategy
COPNI 07.3 (COFOG 04.6): Mobiles for Development
COFOG 04.2/04.6: Information and Communication Management Strategy Development Assessment of Agricultural Information Needs (2007)
COFOG 04.2: Crop Calendar for the agro-ecological zones.



04 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 04 - Economic affairs
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
04.1.1: K - Financial and insurance activities
04.2: A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing;
04.3: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and B - Mining and quarrying
04.4: B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and F - Construction
04.5: H - Transportation and storage
04.6: J - Information and communication
04.7.1: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; H - Transportation and storage (Storage)
04.7.2; 04.7.3: I - Accommodation and food service activities
International 04.1.2 - General labour affairs:
COPNI 07.2 - Services of labour organizations:
04.1.1 - General economic and commercial affairs: Access to Insurance Initiative,
World Bank Trade Strategy (Consultation) Food Security, Access to markets
04.2 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: World Bank Agriculture Action Plan FY2010-12; Fisheries; Improving agricultural productivity at Development Strategies that work; The Standards and Trade Development Facility ; Farmers' Rights - Resource pages for Decision-Makers qnd Practitioners
04.2.1: Land Reform at Development Strategies that work
04.3 - Fuel and energy: World Bank Energy Strategy Consultations,
04.4 - Mining, manufacturing and construction:
04.5 - Transport: Transport, Infrastructure Development at Development Strategies that work
04.6 - Communication:
04.7 - Other industries:
04.8 - R&D Economic affairs:
04.9 - Economic affairs n.e.c.:
COPNI 07.3 - Services of professional organizations:Share4Dev by InfoBridge

+ Government and Society's Foundations


01 General Public Services - #GH01fg

Functions of government #cofogGH tag
Executive and legislative organs (CS) #cofog0111GH
Financial and fiscal affairs (CS) #cofog0112GH
External affairs (CS) #cofog0113GH
Economic aid to developing countries and countries in transition (CS) #cofog0121GH
Economic aid routed through international organizations (CS) #cofog0122GH
General personnel services (CS) #cofog0131GH
Overall planning and statistical services (CS) #cofog0132GH
Other general services (CS) #cofog0133GH
Basic research (CS) #cofog0140GH
R&D General public services (CS) #cofog0150GH
General public services n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0160GH
Public debt transactions (CS) #cofog0170GH
Transfers of a general character between different levels of government (CS) #cofog0180GH

Open Government Partnership: country page
EITI: country page
COFOG 01.1: HIPC Initiative (Debt relief)
Universal Periodic Review

COFOG 0132: Ghana's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014



01 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 01 - General public services
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
- O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
- 01.1: U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
International 01.1 - Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs: Public administration reform
01.2 - Foreign economic aid:
01.3 - General services: System of National Accounts 2008, at Development Strategies that work by UN Economic and Social Council, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), London Declaration for Transparency, the Free Flow of Information and Development (2010)
01.4 - Basic research:
01.5 - R&D General public services:
01.6 - General public services n.e.c.:
01.7 - Public debt transactions:
01.8 - Transfers of general character between different levels of government:
COPNI 09.1 - Services n.e.c.:
COPNI 09.2 - R&D Services:
COPNI 07.1 - Services of political parties: Universal Periodic Review6

In the media

Ghana's #tags in other languages:

غانا (Arabic)
加纳 (Chinese, simplified)
Ghana (German)
Ghana (Spanish)
Ghana (French)
ガーナ (Japanese)
Гана (Russian)

#Tag guide & other resources:

Also on Ghana:
Actor Map, Statute Book, Local Development Books

Open Data and Content

Various sources

The Sector field of listed projects are indicative for the function of government and the industrial sector under which the project should be classified.

Curated open data in the World Data Atlas (by Knoema)

Social Progress Index

Check Ghana's Social Progress Index (Social Progress Imperative).

The Fringes


Add a New Comment

Are initiatives transparent, effective & with synergy?
Give your comments or provide links to resources that are instrumental to improving transparency and effectiveness of the public sector and/or aid in Ghana.

For the initiatives listed per Function of Government (COFOG class) and/or category of economic activity (ISIC class), comments may be given at an initiative's wiki page. If such a wiki page is missing, make a request to create it in your comment.