#tagcoding for Latvia ?

Consider Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi9 - Be collaborative. By suitably #tagcoding genuine content, stakeholders and donors can contribute it to an open domestic and global conversation on governance, knowledge sharing and innovation for sustainable development, the economic activities and functions of government in Latvia, its cities and municipalities. By providing low-hurdle access to open data that matters to a particular context or trade, stakeholders are empowered to add data-driven elements to the discourse and their learning.

In a #tag2wiki step, the #tagcoded content can be curated, analysed, and shared and conflicting viewpoints can be covered in wiki sector maps and maps of the functions of government, as part of Latvia's planning for inclusive and sustainable development1.

This reference page for Latvia is not intended for being read in a linear way. Rather, it must be used as a "4 dimensional topic map" for a knowledge and data driven development discourse in Latvia. The reader with an interest in a particular topic can quickly find open data and other content on that "topic in its context and dimension". Before contributing new content, we recommend the reader to minimally check the content that is (referenced) on this page, and to keep in mind Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi7 - Reuse and improve. For what concerns the reuse, improving or addition of new content, we recommend the use of the suitable hashtag with awareness of its dimension (lgu, sdg, isic or cofog).

#LVlgu tags for administrative units, with curated open data.

See Latvia.

For EU member states the #WWlgu tags are based on the NUTS-code2.

#tagcoding for Latvia : #LVlgu 4local #sdgLV 4goals #isicLV 4economy #cofogLV 4gov

#sdgLV tags for sustainable development goals

Sustainable Development Global Goals (SDGs)3 in Latvia - use #sdgLV on Twitter or G+.

(tab guide)
#SDG1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
#SDG2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture
#SDG3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
#SDG4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all
#SDG5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
#SDG6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
#SDG7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all
#SDG8: Promote sustained, inclusive & sustainable economic growth, full & productive employment & decent work for all
#SDG9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
#SDG10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
#SDG11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
#SDG12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
#SDG13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
#SDG14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
#SDG15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, …
#SDG16: Promote peaceful & inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, .. institutions
#SDG17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

#isicLV tags for economic activities

Sector in Latvia #isicLV #tag
A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing #LV88A
B - Mining and quarrying #LV88B
C - Manufacturing #LV88C
D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply #LV88D
E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities #LV88E
F - Construction #LV88F
G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles #LV88G
H - Transportation and storage #LV88H
I - Accommodation and food service activities #LV88I
J - Information and communication #LV88J
K - Financial and insurance activities #LV88K
L - Real estate activities #LV88L
M - Professional, scientific and technical activities #LV88M
N - Administrative and support service activities #LV88N
O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security #LV88O
P - Education #LV88P
Q - Human health and social work activities #LV88Q
R - Arts, entertainment and recreation #LV88R
S - Other service activities #LV88S
T - Activities of households #LV88T
U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies #LV88U

#cofogLV tags for functions of government

+ Government and the People

Check out Latvia's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014 to understand the country's challenges in below areas.


09 - Education - #LV09fg

Functions of government #cofogLV tag
Pre-primary education (IS) #cofog0911LV
Primary education (IS) #cofog0912LV
Lower-secondary education (IS) #cofog0921LV
Upper-secondary education (IS) #cofog0922LV
Post-secondary non-tertiary education (IS) #cofog0930LV
First stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0941LV
Second stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0942LV
Education not definable by level (IS) #cofog0950LV
Subsidiary services to education (IS) #cofog0960LV
R&D Education (CS) #cofog0970LV
Education n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0980LV
Initiatives COPNI 04.7: Latvian Wikipedia



09 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 09 - Education
The related category of industry (ISIC) is P - Education
International World Bank Education Strategy 2020
09.1 - Pre-primary and primary education (also COPNI 04.1): Education For All, Primary Education, Early childhood education at Development Strategies that work
09.2 - Secundary education(also COPNI 04.2): Secundary Education at Development Strategies that work
09.3 - Post-secundary non-tertiary education (also COPNI 04.3):
09.4 - Tertiary education(also COPNI 04.4):
09.5 - Education not-definable by level (also COPNI 04.5): Special education for persons with intellectual or psycho-social disabilities at Development Strategies that work
09.6 - Subsidiary services to education: Access to Schools, Preventive health care and improved nutrition for children at Development Strategies that work
09.7 - R&D Education(also COPNI 04.6):
09.8 - Education n.e.c.: World Bank Education Strategy 2020
COPNI 04.7 - Other educational services:

+ Government and the Economy, Environment and Community


04 - Economic Affairs - #LV04fg

Functions of government #cofogLV tag
General economic and commercial affairs (CS) #cofog0411LV
General labour affairs (CS) #cofog0412LV
Agriculture (CS) #cofog0421LV
Forestry (CS) #cofog0422LV
Fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0423LV
Coal and other solid mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0431LV
Petroleum and natural gas (CS) #cofog0432LV
Nuclear fuel (CS) #cofog0433LV
Other fuels (CS) #cofog0434LV
Electricity (CS) #cofog0435LV
Non-electric energy (CS) #cofog0436LV
Mining of mineral resources other than mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0441LV
Manufacturing (CS) #cofog0442LV
Construction (CS) #cofog0443LV
Road transport (CS) #cofog0451LV
Water transport (CS) #cofog0452LV
Railway transport (CS) #cofog0453LV
Air transport (CS) #cofog0454LV
Pipeline and other transport (CS) #cofog0455LV
Communication (CS) #cofog0460LV
Distributive trades, storage and warehousing (CS) #cofog0471LV
Hotels and restaurants (CS) #cofog0472LV
Tourism (CS) #cofog0473LV
Multi-purpose development projects (CS) #cofog0474LV
R&D General economic, commercial and labour affairs (CS) #cofog0481LV
R&D Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0482LV
R&D Fuel and energy (CS) #cofog0483LV
R&D Mining, manufacturing and construction (CS) #cofog0484LV
R&D Transport (CS) #cofog0485LV
R&D Communication (CS) #cofog0486LV
R&D Other industries (CS) #cofog0487LV
Economic affairs n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0490LV
Initiatives ISIC K: Kiva Fellows Blog on Latvia (not for all countries)
COFOG 04.2: Country profile at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
Plantwise Knowledge Bank country page (set country on first visit) including pest diagnostic tool and treatment support.



04 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 04 - Economic affairs
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
04.1.1: K - Financial and insurance activities
04.2: A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing;
04.3: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and B - Mining and quarrying
04.4: B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and F - Construction
04.5: H - Transportation and storage
04.6: J - Information and communication
04.7.1: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; H - Transportation and storage (Storage)
04.7.2; 04.7.3: I - Accommodation and food service activities
International 04.1.2 - General labour affairs:
COPNI 07.2 - Services of labour organizations:
04.1.1 - General economic and commercial affairs: Access to Insurance Initiative,
World Bank Trade Strategy (Consultation) Food Security, Access to markets
04.2 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: World Bank Agriculture Action Plan FY2010-12; Fisheries; Improving agricultural productivity at Development Strategies that work; The Standards and Trade Development Facility ; Farmers' Rights - Resource pages for Decision-Makers qnd Practitioners
04.2.1: Land Reform at Development Strategies that work
04.3 - Fuel and energy: World Bank Energy Strategy Consultations,
04.4 - Mining, manufacturing and construction:
04.5 - Transport: Transport, Infrastructure Development at Development Strategies that work
04.6 - Communication:
04.7 - Other industries:
04.8 - R&D Economic affairs:
04.9 - Economic affairs n.e.c.:
COPNI 07.3 - Services of professional organizations:Share4Dev by InfoBridge

+ Government and Society's Foundations


01 General Public Services - #LV01fg

Functions of government #cofogLV tag
Executive and legislative organs (CS) #cofog0111LV
Financial and fiscal affairs (CS) #cofog0112LV
External affairs (CS) #cofog0113LV
Economic aid to developing countries and countries in transition (CS) #cofog0121LV
Economic aid routed through international organizations (CS) #cofog0122LV
General personnel services (CS) #cofog0131LV
Overall planning and statistical services (CS) #cofog0132LV
Other general services (CS) #cofog0133LV
Basic research (CS) #cofog0140LV
R&D General public services (CS) #cofog0150LV
General public services n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0160LV
Public debt transactions (CS) #cofog0170LV
Transfers of a general character between different levels of government (CS) #cofog0180LV

- How democratic is Latvia? Audit of Democracy (2005) by International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
- Open Government Partnership: country page

COFOG 0132: Latvia's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014



01 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 01 - General public services
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
- O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
- 01.1: U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
International 01.1 - Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs: Public administration reform
01.2 - Foreign economic aid:
01.3 - General services: System of National Accounts 2008, at Development Strategies that work by UN Economic and Social Council, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), London Declaration for Transparency, the Free Flow of Information and Development (2010)
01.4 - Basic research:
01.5 - R&D General public services:
01.6 - General public services n.e.c.:
01.7 - Public debt transactions:
01.8 - Transfers of general character between different levels of government:
COPNI 09.1 - Services n.e.c.:
COPNI 09.2 - R&D Services:
COPNI 07.1 - Services of political parties: Universal Periodic Review4

In the media

Latvia's #tags in other languages:

لاتفيا (Arabic)
拉脱维亚 (Chinese, simplified)
Lettland (German)
Letonia (Spanish)
Lettonie (French)
ラトビア (Japanese)
Латвия (Russian)

#Tag guide & other resources:

Also on Latvia:
Actor Map, Statute Book, Local Development Books

Open Data and Content

Various sources

The Sector field of listed projects are indicative for the function of government and the industrial sector under which the project should be classified.

Curated open data in the World Data Atlas (by Knoema)

Social Progress Index

Check Latvia's Social Progress Index (Social Progress Imperative).

The Fringes


Add a New Comment

Are initiatives transparent, effective & with synergy?
Give your comments or provide links to resources that are instrumental to improving transparency and effectiveness of the public sector and/or aid in Latvia.

For the initiatives listed per Function of Government (COFOG class) and/or category of economic activity (ISIC class), comments may be given at an initiative's wiki page. If such a wiki page is missing, make a request to create it in your comment.