Joining the #sdgMN Partnership ?

Consider Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi9 - Be collaborative. By suitably #tagging genuine content, stakeholders and donors can contribute it to an open domestic and global conversation on governance, knowledge sharing and innovation for sustainable development, the economic activities and functions of government in Mongolia, its cities and municipalities. By providing low-hurdle access to open data that matters to a particular context or trade, stakeholders are empowered to add data-driven elements to the discourse.

In a #tag2wiki step, the #tagged discourse can be curated, analysed, and shared and conflicting viewpoints can be covered in wiki sector maps and maps of the functions of government, as part of Mongolia's planning for inclusive and sustainable development1.

This reference page for Mongolia is not intended for being read in a linear way. Rather, it must be used as a "4 dimensional topic map" for a knowledge and data driven development discourse in Mongolia. The reader with an interest in a particular topic can quickly find open data and other content on that "topic in its context and dimension". Before contributing new content, we recommend the reader to minimally check the content that is (referenced) on this page, and to keep in mind Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi7 - Reuse and improve. For what concerns the reuse, improving or addition of new content, we recommend the use of the suitable hashtag with awareness of its dimension (lgu, sdg, isic or cofog).

#MNlgu tags for administrative units, with curated open data2

аймгийн city ( capital of aimag ) #MNlgu Development data ( Knoema )
Архангай Tsetserleg [Цэцэрлэг] (Arkhangai) #MN2000 Data atlas
Баян-Өлгий Olgii [Єлгий] (Bayan-Olgii) #MN10200 Data atlas
Баянхонгор Bayankhongor [Баянхонгор] (Bayankhongor) #MN20300 Data atlas
Булган Bulgan [Булган] (Bulgan) #MN20400 Data atlas
Дархан-Уул Darkhan [Дархан] (Darkhan-uu) #MN31900 Data atlas
Дорнод Choibalsan [Чойбалсан] (Dornod) #MN40700 Data atlas
Дорноговь Sainshand [Сайншанд] (Dornogovi) #MN30600 Data atlas
Дундговь Mandalgovi [Мандалговь] (Dundgovi) #MN30800 Data atlas
Говь-Aлтай Altai [Алтай] (Govi-Altai) #MN10500 Data atlas
Говьсүмбэр Choir [Чойр] (Govisümber) #MN32200 Data atlas
Хэнтий аймаг Undurkhaan [Єндєрхаан] (Khentii) #MN41800 Data atlas
Ховд Khovd [Ховд] (Khovd) #MN11600 Data atlas
Хөвсгөл Moron [Мєрєн] (Khovsgol) #MN21700 Data atlas
Орхон Erdenet [Эрдэнэт] (Orkhon) #MN22100 Data atlas
Сүхбаатар Sukhbaatar [Сїхбаатар [Сvхбаатар]] (Selenge) #MN31300 Data atlas
Төв Zuunmod [Зуунмод] (Tov) #MN31400 Data atlas
Улаанбаатар Ulaanbaatar [Улаанбаатар] (Ulaanbaatar) #MN52000 Data atlas
Увс аймаг Ulaangom [Улаангом] (Uvs) #MN11500 Data atlas
Завхан Uliastai [Улиастай] (Zavkhan) #MN10900 Data atlas
Өмнөговь Dalanzadgad [Даланзадгад] (Ömnogovi) #MN31100 Data atlas
Өвөрхангай Arvaikheer [Арвайхээр] (Övorkhangai) #MN21000 Data atlas
construct more tags with the extended divisioning geocodes (Geohive)
#2030Agenda partnership #Mongolia - #tag share - #MNlgu 4local #sdgMN 4goals #isicMN 4economy #cofogMN 4gov

#sdgMN tags for sustainable development goals

Sustainable Development Global Goals (SDGs)3 in Mongolia - use #sdgMN on Twitter or G+.

Sustainable development goal (with #SDGs hashtag) #sdgMN hashtag
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere #sdg01MN
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture #sdg02MN
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages #sdg03MN
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all #sdg04MN
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls #sdg05MN
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all #sdg06MN
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all #sdg07MN
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all #sdg08MN
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation #sdg09MN
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries #sdg10MN
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable #sdg11MN
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns #sdg12MN
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts #sdg13MN
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development #sdg14MN
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss #sdg15MN
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels #sdg16MN
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development #sdg17MN

Each goal has targets listed on the linked page.

For these targets there are #SDT tags. If you consider a target of particular interest for your country, then create your country's #sdt tags using a simple trick.

An example: for the global sustainable development target with tag #SDT011, construct the #tag for MN as follows: #sdt011MN.

#isicMN tags for economic activities

Sector in Mongolia #isicMN #tag
A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing #MN88A
B - Mining and quarrying #MN88B
C - Manufacturing #MN88C
D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply #MN88D
E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities #MN88E
F - Construction #MN88F
G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles #MN88G
H - Transportation and storage #MN88H
I - Accommodation and food service activities #MN88I
J - Information and communication #MN88J
K - Financial and insurance activities #MN88K
L - Real estate activities #MN88L
M - Professional, scientific and technical activities #MN88M
N - Administrative and support service activities #MN88N
O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security #MN88O
P - Education #MN88P
Q - Human health and social work activities #MN88Q
R - Arts, entertainment and recreation #MN88R
S - Other service activities #MN88S
T - Activities of households #MN88T
U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies #MN88U

#cofogMN tags for functions of government

+ Government and the People

Check out Mongolia's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014 to understand the country's challenges in below areas.


09 - Education - #MN09fg

Functions of government #cofogMN tag
Pre-primary education (IS) #cofog0911MN
Primary education (IS) #cofog0912MN
Lower-secondary education (IS) #cofog0921MN
Upper-secondary education (IS) #cofog0922MN
Post-secondary non-tertiary education (IS) #cofog0930MN
First stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0941MN
Second stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0942MN
Education not definable by level (IS) #cofog0950MN
Subsidiary services to education (IS) #cofog0960MN
R&D Education (CS) #cofog0970MN
Education n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0980MN
Initiatives COFOG 09.7: Education For All - Global Monitoring Report: Education Inequalities Indicators
Fast Track Initiative Education For All country page
COPNI 04.7: Kazakh Wikipedia Mongolian Wikipedia Tuvinian Online Encyclopedia



09 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 09 - Education
The related category of industry (ISIC) is P - Education
International World Bank Education Strategy 2020
09.1 - Pre-primary and primary education (also COPNI 04.1): Education For All, Primary Education, Early childhood education at Development Strategies that work
09.2 - Secundary education(also COPNI 04.2): Secundary Education at Development Strategies that work
09.3 - Post-secundary non-tertiary education (also COPNI 04.3):
09.4 - Tertiary education(also COPNI 04.4):
09.5 - Education not-definable by level (also COPNI 04.5): Special education for persons with intellectual or psycho-social disabilities at Development Strategies that work
09.6 - Subsidiary services to education: Access to Schools, Preventive health care and improved nutrition for children at Development Strategies that work
09.7 - R&D Education(also COPNI 04.6):
09.8 - Education n.e.c.: World Bank Education Strategy 2020
COPNI 04.7 - Other educational services:

+ Government and the Economy, Environment and Community


04 - Economic Affairs - #MN04fg

Functions of government #cofogMN tag
General economic and commercial affairs (CS) #cofog0411MN
General labour affairs (CS) #cofog0412MN
Agriculture (CS) #cofog0421MN
Forestry (CS) #cofog0422MN
Fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0423MN
Coal and other solid mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0431MN
Petroleum and natural gas (CS) #cofog0432MN
Nuclear fuel (CS) #cofog0433MN
Other fuels (CS) #cofog0434MN
Electricity (CS) #cofog0435MN
Non-electric energy (CS) #cofog0436MN
Mining of mineral resources other than mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0441MN
Manufacturing (CS) #cofog0442MN
Construction (CS) #cofog0443MN
Road transport (CS) #cofog0451MN
Water transport (CS) #cofog0452MN
Railway transport (CS) #cofog0453MN
Air transport (CS) #cofog0454MN
Pipeline and other transport (CS) #cofog0455MN
Communication (CS) #cofog0460MN
Distributive trades, storage and warehousing (CS) #cofog0471MN
Hotels and restaurants (CS) #cofog0472MN
Tourism (CS) #cofog0473MN
Multi-purpose development projects (CS) #cofog0474MN
R&D General economic, commercial and labour affairs (CS) #cofog0481MN
R&D Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0482MN
R&D Fuel and energy (CS) #cofog0483MN
R&D Mining, manufacturing and construction (CS) #cofog0484MN
R&D Transport (CS) #cofog0485MN
R&D Communication (CS) #cofog0486MN
R&D Other industries (CS) #cofog0487MN
Economic affairs n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0490MN
Initiatives ISIC K: Kiva Fellows Blog on Mongolia (not for all countries)
COFOG 04.2: Country profile at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
Plantwise Knowledge Bank country page (set country on first visit) including pest diagnostic tool and treatment support.



04 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 04 - Economic affairs
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
04.1.1: K - Financial and insurance activities
04.2: A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing;
04.3: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and B - Mining and quarrying
04.4: B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and F - Construction
04.5: H - Transportation and storage
04.6: J - Information and communication
04.7.1: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; H - Transportation and storage (Storage)
04.7.2; 04.7.3: I - Accommodation and food service activities
International 04.1.2 - General labour affairs:
COPNI 07.2 - Services of labour organizations:
04.1.1 - General economic and commercial affairs: Access to Insurance Initiative,
World Bank Trade Strategy (Consultation) Food Security, Access to markets
04.2 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: World Bank Agriculture Action Plan FY2010-12; Fisheries; Improving agricultural productivity at Development Strategies that work; The Standards and Trade Development Facility ; Farmers' Rights - Resource pages for Decision-Makers qnd Practitioners
04.2.1: Land Reform at Development Strategies that work
04.3 - Fuel and energy: World Bank Energy Strategy Consultations,
04.4 - Mining, manufacturing and construction:
04.5 - Transport: Transport, Infrastructure Development at Development Strategies that work
04.6 - Communication:
04.7 - Other industries:
04.8 - R&D Economic affairs:
04.9 - Economic affairs n.e.c.:
COPNI 07.3 - Services of professional organizations:Share4Dev by InfoBridge

+ Government and Society's Foundations


01 General Public Services - #MN01fg

Functions of government #cofogMN tag
Executive and legislative organs (CS) #cofog0111MN
Financial and fiscal affairs (CS) #cofog0112MN
External affairs (CS) #cofog0113MN
Economic aid to developing countries and countries in transition (CS) #cofog0121MN
Economic aid routed through international organizations (CS) #cofog0122MN
General personnel services (CS) #cofog0131MN
Overall planning and statistical services (CS) #cofog0132MN
Other general services (CS) #cofog0133MN
Basic research (CS) #cofog0140MN
R&D General public services (CS) #cofog0150MN
General public services n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0160MN
Public debt transactions (CS) #cofog0170MN
Transfers of a general character between different levels of government (CS) #cofog0180MN

- State of Democracy in Mongolia - A Desk Study (2005), Democratic Governance Indicators: Assessing the State of Governance in Mongolia, and Millenium Development Goal-9 indicators and the state of democracy in Mongolia (2009), all by International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
- Open Government Partnership: country page
- EITI: country page
- Asian Development Fund country page

COFOG 0132: Mongolia's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014



01 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 01 - General public services
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
- O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
- 01.1: U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
International 01.1 - Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs: Public administration reform
01.2 - Foreign economic aid:
01.3 - General services: System of National Accounts 2008, at Development Strategies that work by UN Economic and Social Council, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), London Declaration for Transparency, the Free Flow of Information and Development (2010)
01.4 - Basic research:
01.5 - R&D General public services:
01.6 - General public services n.e.c.:
01.7 - Public debt transactions:
01.8 - Transfers of general character between different levels of government:
COPNI 09.1 - Services n.e.c.:
COPNI 09.2 - R&D Services:
COPNI 07.1 - Services of political parties: Universal Periodic Review4

In the media

Mongolia's #tags in other languages:

منغوليا (Arabic)
蒙古 (Chinese, simplified)
Mongolei (German)
Mongolia (Spanish)
Mongolie (French)
モンゴル国 (Japanese)
Монголия (Russian)

#Tag guide & other resources:

Also on Mongolia:
Actor Map, Statute Book, Local Development Books

Open Data and Content

Various sources

The Sector field of listed projects are indicative for the function of government and the industrial sector under which the project should be classified.

Curated open data in the World Data Atlas (by Knoema)

Social Progress Index

Check Mongolia's Social Progress Index (Social Progress Imperative).

The Fringes


Add a New Comment

Are initiatives transparent, effective & with synergy?
Give your comments or provide links to resources that are instrumental to improving transparency and effectiveness of the public sector and/or aid in Mongolia.

For the initiatives listed per Function of Government (COFOG class) and/or category of economic activity (ISIC class), comments may be given at an initiative's wiki page. If such a wiki page is missing, make a request to create it in your comment.