Joining the #sdgRO Partnership ?

Consider Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi9 - Be collaborative. By suitably #tagging genuine content, stakeholders and donors can contribute it to an open domestic and global conversation on governance, knowledge sharing and innovation for sustainable development, the economic activities and functions of government in Romania, its cities and municipalities. By providing low-hurdle access to open data that matters to a particular context or trade, stakeholders are empowered to add data-driven elements to the discourse.

In a #tag2wiki step, the #tagged discourse can be curated, analysed, and shared and conflicting viewpoints can be covered in wiki sector maps and maps of the functions of government, as part of Romania's planning for inclusive and sustainable development1.

This reference page for Romania is not intended for being read in a linear way. Rather, it must be used as a "4 dimensional topic map" for a knowledge and data driven development discourse in Romania. The reader with an interest in a particular topic can quickly find open data and other content on that "topic in its context and dimension". Before contributing new content, we recommend the reader to minimally check the content that is (referenced) on this page, and to keep in mind Principles of Innovation (Principles for Digital Development) #pi7 - Reuse and improve. For what concerns the reuse, improving or addition of new content, we recommend the use of the suitable hashtag with awareness of its dimension (lgu, sdg, isic or cofog).

#ROlgu tags for administrative units, with curated open data2

See Romania.

For EU member states the #WWlgu tags are based on the NUTS-code3.

#2030Agenda partnership #Romania - #tag share - #ROlgu 4local #sdgRO 4goals #isicRO 4economy #cofogRO 4gov

#sdgRO tags for sustainable development goals

Sustainable Development Global Goals (SDGs)4 in Romania - use #sdgRO on Twitter or G+.

Sustainable development goal (with #SDGs hashtag) #sdgRO hashtag
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere #sdg01RO
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture #sdg02RO
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages #sdg03RO
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all #sdg04RO
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls #sdg05RO
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all #sdg06RO
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all #sdg07RO
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all #sdg08RO
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation #sdg09RO
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries #sdg10RO
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable #sdg11RO
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns #sdg12RO
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts #sdg13RO
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development #sdg14RO
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss #sdg15RO
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels #sdg16RO
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development #sdg17RO

Each goal has targets listed on the linked page.

For these targets there are #SDT tags. If you consider a target of particular interest for your country, then create your country's #sdt tags using a simple trick.

An example: for the global sustainable development target with tag #SDT011, construct the #tag for RO as follows: #sdt011RO.

#isicRO tags for economic activities

Sector in Romania #isicRO #tag
A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing #RO88A
B - Mining and quarrying #RO88B
C - Manufacturing #RO88C
D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply #RO88D
E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities #RO88E
F - Construction #RO88F
G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles #RO88G
H - Transportation and storage #RO88H
I - Accommodation and food service activities #RO88I
J - Information and communication #RO88J
K - Financial and insurance activities #RO88K
L - Real estate activities #RO88L
M - Professional, scientific and technical activities #RO88M
N - Administrative and support service activities #RO88N
O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security #RO88O
P - Education #RO88P
Q - Human health and social work activities #RO88Q
R - Arts, entertainment and recreation #RO88R
S - Other service activities #RO88S
T - Activities of households #RO88T
U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies #RO88U

#cofogRO tags for functions of government

+ Government and the People

Check out Romania's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014 to understand the country's challenges in below areas.


09 - Education - #RO09fg

Functions of government #cofogRO tag
Pre-primary education (IS) #cofog0911RO
Primary education (IS) #cofog0912RO
Lower-secondary education (IS) #cofog0921RO
Upper-secondary education (IS) #cofog0922RO
Post-secondary non-tertiary education (IS) #cofog0930RO
First stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0941RO
Second stage of tertiary education (IS) #cofog0942RO
Education not definable by level (IS) #cofog0950RO
Subsidiary services to education (IS) #cofog0960RO
R&D Education (CS) #cofog0970RO
Education n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0980RO
Initiatives COPNI 04.7: Aromanian Wikipedia Bulgarian Wikipedia German Wikipedia Greek Wikipedia Hungarian Wikipedia Macedonian Wikipedia Romanian Wikipedia



09 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 09 - Education
The related category of industry (ISIC) is P - Education
International World Bank Education Strategy 2020
09.1 - Pre-primary and primary education (also COPNI 04.1): Education For All, Primary Education, Early childhood education at Development Strategies that work
09.2 - Secundary education(also COPNI 04.2): Secundary Education at Development Strategies that work
09.3 - Post-secundary non-tertiary education (also COPNI 04.3):
09.4 - Tertiary education(also COPNI 04.4):
09.5 - Education not-definable by level (also COPNI 04.5): Special education for persons with intellectual or psycho-social disabilities at Development Strategies that work
09.6 - Subsidiary services to education: Access to Schools, Preventive health care and improved nutrition for children at Development Strategies that work
09.7 - R&D Education(also COPNI 04.6):
09.8 - Education n.e.c.: World Bank Education Strategy 2020
COPNI 04.7 - Other educational services:

+ Government and the Economy, Environment and Community


04 - Economic Affairs - #RO04fg

Functions of government #cofogRO tag
General economic and commercial affairs (CS) #cofog0411RO
General labour affairs (CS) #cofog0412RO
Agriculture (CS) #cofog0421RO
Forestry (CS) #cofog0422RO
Fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0423RO
Coal and other solid mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0431RO
Petroleum and natural gas (CS) #cofog0432RO
Nuclear fuel (CS) #cofog0433RO
Other fuels (CS) #cofog0434RO
Electricity (CS) #cofog0435RO
Non-electric energy (CS) #cofog0436RO
Mining of mineral resources other than mineral fuels (CS) #cofog0441RO
Manufacturing (CS) #cofog0442RO
Construction (CS) #cofog0443RO
Road transport (CS) #cofog0451RO
Water transport (CS) #cofog0452RO
Railway transport (CS) #cofog0453RO
Air transport (CS) #cofog0454RO
Pipeline and other transport (CS) #cofog0455RO
Communication (CS) #cofog0460RO
Distributive trades, storage and warehousing (CS) #cofog0471RO
Hotels and restaurants (CS) #cofog0472RO
Tourism (CS) #cofog0473RO
Multi-purpose development projects (CS) #cofog0474RO
R&D General economic, commercial and labour affairs (CS) #cofog0481RO
R&D Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (CS) #cofog0482RO
R&D Fuel and energy (CS) #cofog0483RO
R&D Mining, manufacturing and construction (CS) #cofog0484RO
R&D Transport (CS) #cofog0485RO
R&D Communication (CS) #cofog0486RO
R&D Other industries (CS) #cofog0487RO
Economic affairs n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0490RO
Initiatives ISIC K: Kiva Fellows Blog on Romania (not for all countries)
COFOG 04.2: Country profile at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
Plantwise Knowledge Bank country page (set country on first visit) including pest diagnostic tool and treatment support.



04 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 04 - Economic affairs
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
04.1.1: K - Financial and insurance activities
04.2: A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing;
04.3: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and B - Mining and quarrying
04.4: B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and F - Construction
04.5: H - Transportation and storage
04.6: J - Information and communication
04.7.1: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; H - Transportation and storage (Storage)
04.7.2; 04.7.3: I - Accommodation and food service activities
International 04.1.2 - General labour affairs:
COPNI 07.2 - Services of labour organizations:
04.1.1 - General economic and commercial affairs: Access to Insurance Initiative,
World Bank Trade Strategy (Consultation) Food Security, Access to markets
04.2 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: World Bank Agriculture Action Plan FY2010-12; Fisheries; Improving agricultural productivity at Development Strategies that work; The Standards and Trade Development Facility ; Farmers' Rights - Resource pages for Decision-Makers qnd Practitioners
04.2.1: Land Reform at Development Strategies that work
04.3 - Fuel and energy: World Bank Energy Strategy Consultations,
04.4 - Mining, manufacturing and construction:
04.5 - Transport: Transport, Infrastructure Development at Development Strategies that work
04.6 - Communication:
04.7 - Other industries:
04.8 - R&D Economic affairs:
04.9 - Economic affairs n.e.c.:
COPNI 07.3 - Services of professional organizations:Share4Dev by InfoBridge

+ Government and Society's Foundations


01 General Public Services - #RO01fg

Functions of government #cofogRO tag
Executive and legislative organs (CS) #cofog0111RO
Financial and fiscal affairs (CS) #cofog0112RO
External affairs (CS) #cofog0113RO
Economic aid to developing countries and countries in transition (CS) #cofog0121RO
Economic aid routed through international organizations (CS) #cofog0122RO
General personnel services (CS) #cofog0131RO
Overall planning and statistical services (CS) #cofog0132RO
Other general services (CS) #cofog0133RO
Basic research (CS) #cofog0140RO
R&D General public services (CS) #cofog0150RO
General public services n.e.c. (CS) #cofog0160RO
Public debt transactions (CS) #cofog0170RO
Transfers of a general character between different levels of government (CS) #cofog0180RO

Open Government Partnership: country page
Universal Periodic Review

COFOG 0132: Romania's profile in the Human Development Report - 2014



01 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 01 - General public services
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
- O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
- 01.1: U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
International 01.1 - Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs: Public administration reform
01.2 - Foreign economic aid:
01.3 - General services: System of National Accounts 2008, at Development Strategies that work by UN Economic and Social Council, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), London Declaration for Transparency, the Free Flow of Information and Development (2010)
01.4 - Basic research:
01.5 - R&D General public services:
01.6 - General public services n.e.c.:
01.7 - Public debt transactions:
01.8 - Transfers of general character between different levels of government:
COPNI 09.1 - Services n.e.c.:
COPNI 09.2 - R&D Services:
COPNI 07.1 - Services of political parties: Universal Periodic Review5

In the media

Romania's #tags in other languages:

رومانيا (Arabic)
罗马利亚 (Chinese, simplified)
Rumänien (German)
Rumania (Spanish)
Roumanie (French)
ルーマニア (Japanese)
Румыния (Russian)

#Tag guide & other resources:

Also on Romania:
Actor Map, Statute Book, Local Development Books

Open Data and Content

Various sources

The Sector field of listed projects are indicative for the function of government and the industrial sector under which the project should be classified.

Curated open data in the World Data Atlas (by Knoema)

Social Progress Index

Check Romania's Social Progress Index (Social Progress Imperative).

The Fringes


Add a New Comment

Are initiatives transparent, effective & with synergy?
Give your comments or provide links to resources that are instrumental to improving transparency and effectiveness of the public sector and/or aid in Romania.

For the initiatives listed per Function of Government (COFOG class) and/or category of economic activity (ISIC class), comments may be given at an initiative's wiki page. If such a wiki page is missing, make a request to create it in your comment.