A large number of multi-lateral agreements have been created within the framework of the UN System. A better acquaintance with treaties and their impact in concrete situations is in focus in the Actor Atlas.
In comments added to a treaty article, the claim of the article can be compared with the reality on the ground. Analysis of a compliance failure could be succeeded by various initiatives, including initiatives focussing on improving an article, or initiatives explaining better an article's practical implications.

An example is Article 09 - Farmers’ Rights International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

The Faculty of Law of the University of Oslo provides a treaty database with the full text of 949 treaties in 15 categories.

For the United Nations agencies, the constitutions of organisations such as WHO are listed as a statute.

United Nations's #isicWW tag is #isicUN, its #cofogWW tag is #cofogUN, its #SDGs tag is #sdgUN, and its #WWlgu tag is #UNlgu

Explore cross-sectoral instruments for development via resource-book.

Relevant sustainable development goals and targets (with hashtags)

Statutes and Treaties by Function of Government (COFOG Class), closest to people & with indication of impacted Economic Activities (ISIC Class)

Statutes - Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO)



07 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 07 - Health.
The related category of industry (ISIC) is Q - Human health and social work activities.

7.1 - Medical products, appliances and equipment:
7.2 - Outpatient services:
7.3 - Hospital Services:
7.4 - Public health services: European Code of Social Security - Part II - Medical care;
- International Health Regulations (IHR 2005);
7.5 - R&D Health: Agreement on the Establishment of the International Vaccine Institute (IVI);
7.6 - Health n.e.c.: African Youth Charter (2006, Article 16 Health);
- WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC);
- Convention (No.187) concerning the Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health;
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Article 25;
Convention on the Rights of the Child Articles 24, 25.

More elaborate lists of treaties in the categories General public health, Occupational health, Drugs and psychotropic substances, Medicine and health care are provided by the Faculty of Law of the University of Oslo (Norway).

Statutes relating to the Economy, Environment and Community

Statutes - Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO);
- Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO);
- Constitution of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO);
- Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- Constitution of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) (1874);
- Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
COFOG 04.1.1: IP Laws, IP-related Laws and IP Treaty Membership of United Nations
COFOG 04.1.2: NATLEX, ILO's database of national labour, social security and related human rights



04 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 04 - Economic affairs and government 04 function map.
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
04.1.1: K - Financial and insurance activities
04.2: A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing;
04.3: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and B - Mining and quarrying
04.4: B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and F - Construction
04.5: H - Transportation and storage
04.6: J - Information and communication
04.7.1: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles;
04.7.2; 04.7.3: I - Accommodation and food service activities


04.1.1 - General economic and commercial affairs:
- Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement);
and 62 other treaties on trade in goods and services;
04.1.2 - General labour affairs: Convention (No.1) Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week;
- Convention (No.81) concerning Labour Inspection in Industry and Commerce;
04.2 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting: International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture;
- Agreement on Agriculture;
- International Bovine Meat Agreement;
- International Dairy Agreement;
- Convention (No.129) concerning Labour Inspection in Agriculture;
- Convention (No.184) concerning Safety and Health in Agriculture;
- International Grains Agreement;
- Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Committee on World Food Security)
04.3 - Fuel and energy:
04.4 - Mining, manufacturing and construction:
04.5 - Transport: Convention (No.134) concerning the Prevention of Occupational Accident to Seafarers;
132 treaties in the categories Air Transport;
- Road Transport, Rail Transport, Maritime Transport;
- Convention (No.165) concerning Social Security for Seafarers (Revised);
04.6 - Communication:
- 8 treaties in the category Postal and other communications;
- 20 treaties in the category Telecommunication;
04.7 - Other industries:
04.8 - R&D Economic affairs:
04.9 - Economic affairs n.e.c.: 20 treaties on Economic integration;
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights Articles 17, 19, 20, 22

More elaborate lists of treaties in the categories Economic Law, Occupational health and Intellectual Property are provided by the Faculty of Law of the University of Oslo (Norway).

Statutes establishing Society's Foundations




01 with detailed structure and explanatory notes at COFOG Division 01 - General public services.
The related categories of industry (ISIC) are:
- O - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
- 01.1: U - Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies

01.1 - Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs: Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
01.2 - Foreign economic aid: 22 treaties in the category Aid and development;
01.3 - General services: African Charter on Statistics
01.4 - Basic research:
01.5 - R&D General public services:
01.6 - General public services n.e.c.:
01.7 - Public debt transactions:
01.8 - Transfers of general character between different levels of government:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights Articles 13, 14, 15, 21


The possible parties to the agreement are the governments of the countries listed in this list of countries.

Note that not all governments will ratify all agreements. A list of signatories is usually provided by an international organisation with an interest in a treaty.


For agreements between governments, usually the UN International Court of Justice will be the competent court.

Only 66 countries recognize as compulsory the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.

The Fringes

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